Beans are one of the most consumed staple foods in Nigeria, along with rice and cassava. Furthermore, they are one of the most economical resources of protein. Oddly enough, regardless of the nation’s enormous ingestion of legumes, a significant percentage of those beans consumed are imported from the Niger Republic.
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The practice of beginning beans farming business is not so difficult; all you will need is to be armed with the perfect advice and funds to start with. Don’t worry; it’s extremely easy to understand and implement. For your convenience, here are a few simple steps on how to start a beans farming business in Nigeria.
#Step 1: Land Selection
The first thing you need to do until you start farming is to determine the stability of the land. This is because beans do not grow well in areas with too much rain. A fairly distributed rainfall of around 300-400 mm for each harvest cycle is ideal for beans farming. Moist soil will rust the beans before germination. Land selection plays a vital role in the
You have to clear the land appropriately and plough the land to loosen the surface.
#Step 2: Seed Assortment
There are many varieties of beans, and also you need to effectively choose the seed that you’re going to use for planting. This is to ensure that you are planting seeds that are healthy instead of the faded or damaged ones. The seeds must be planted two inches deep into the ground, and then coated it with the surface ground.
Beans usually develop reasonably fast. Within six weeks of planting, the seed is currently germinating, and you’ll be able to observe a great sprout within fourteen days.
Typically, beans farming does not require fertilizer, mainly if the grade of the soil is excellent concerning fertility. In the instance of bad soil, the compost can be positioned on the soil. The perfect compost for legumes farming is the nitrogen kind. This program ought to be moderate. The excessive program can decrease the quantity of the beans’ return.
#Step 3: Growing
You need to water the soil immediately and maintain the habit of providing water to it every day before it sprouts. When mowing the plant, make sure the leaves do not become wet; this can stop mould development. You should not plant the seeds in precisely the same place more often than once every four years. Additionally, beans must not be planted close to onions.
After growing, then you have to care for the plant to allow a searchable harvest. Appropriate care is vital to generate the ideal quality of plant life.
The plant develops as a bush or rod kind. The bush beans start producing before the rod, along with the seeds come out all at once. That’s the reason it is possible to stagger your planting so that you are able to have a regular yield over a period of time. On the flip side, the pole beans will carry on and create for as much as eight weeks. You might have to assist your pole beans in accommodating the very first climb. You could even enhance the return of the red beans with the addition of mulch or compost midway all through the growing season.
#Step 4: Harvesting
Harvesting beans is a really meticulous procedure.
Typically, the harvest is achieved by lightly pulling the bean in the vine or simply snapping it off the blossom finish. This requires 60 to 80 days after planting until you can begin harvesting. Harvesting depends on many things; the two most important are the type of growth and also the point of expansion.
Determined by the phase of development, the beans have been chosen in the snap, dry, or shell phase.
A problem with harvesting in the snap point is that this kind of beans does not develop the proper flavour and feel. Nevertheless, the best method to determine the suitability of such beans for harvest in this phase is by harvesting a couple of pods to determine the quality before coming into full-scale harvest. The perfect index of snap beans would be that the diameter of the pods. The ideal diameter is concerning 1/4 — 1/8 “. You might choose to enable your snap beans to develop into dry beans until you harvest.
The shell beans have been chosen at a subsequent amount of time in contrast to this snap beans. When the enclosed seeds turn into very clear, the beans may be chosen.
The dry beans should be increased in lots of ventilation and space. If, during the crop period, there is a spell of rainfall, then you can certainly eliminate the plants out of the floor and hang it upside down to permit drying to last. The procedure for harvest necessitates threshing to get rid of the extraneous pod substances.
On the other hand, if you wait for too late, the beans can get overgrown and challenging. But, you will tend to understand your plant since you carry on and nurture the beans.
So this was how you could start a beans farming business in Nigeria. The beginning can be a bit complicated as everything takes time to ease, but you’ll gradually get used to it and find it become easier and more accessible as time passes. The only things you have to do are land selection, seed assortment, growing, maintenance, and harvesting. After doing all this, you’ll get rewarded with some nice and healthy crops, and turn it into a business.